Monday, May 21, 2012



汕頭 saan tou: Shantou prefecture level city in Guangdong.
經濟特區 ging jai dak keui: special economic zone
jai: to help, aid, relieve; to ferry, cross
之一 ji yat: one of (sth) / one out of a multitude / one (third, quarter, percent etc).
jip: receive; continue; catch; connect.
饒平縣 yiu peng yuen: Raoping county in Chaozhou 潮州, Guangdong.
yiu: bountiful, abundant, plentiful.
潮安縣 chiu ngon yuen: Chao'an county in Chaozhou 潮州, Guangdong.
揭陽市 kit yeung si: Jieyang prefecture level city in Guangdong province.
普寧市 pou ning si: Puning county level city in Jieyang 揭陽, Guangdong.
惠來縣 wai loi yuen: Huilai county in Jieyang 揭陽, Guangdong.
瀕臨 ban lam: on the verge of / close to.
ban: approach, be on verge of; near.
lam: draw near, approach; descend.
jung: collect; overall, altogether.
面積 min jik: area (of a floor, piece of land etc) / surface area / tract of land.
jik: accumulate, store up, amass.
平方公里 ping fong gung lei: square kilometer.
行政區 hang jing keui: administrative district.
澄海 ching hoi: Chenghai district of Shantou city 汕头市, Guangdong.
ching, dang: purify water by allowing sediment to settle; clear, pure.
金平 gam peng: Jinping district of Shantou city 汕头市, Guangdong.
龍湖 lung wu: Longhu district of Shantou city 汕头市, Guangdong.
濠江 hou gong: Haojiang district of Shantou city 汕头市, Guangdong.
潮陽 chiu yeung: Chaoyang district of Shantou city 汕头市, Guangdong.
潮南 chiu naam: Chaonan district of Shantou city 汕头市, Guangdong.
南澳縣 naam ou yuen: Nan'ao county in Shantou 汕头, Guangdong.



地理 dei lei: geography.
ging: boundary, frontier; area, region.
處於 chyu yiu: to be in (some state, position, or condition).
東經 dung ging: longitude east.
北緯 baak wai: latitude north.
wai: woof; parallels of latitude.
之間 ji gaan: between / among / inter-.
wui: revolve, rotate; curving, zigzag.
gwai: return; return to, revert to.
sin: thread, line, wire; clue.
穿過 chuen gwo: to pass through
穿 chuen, chyun: penetrate, pierce, drill; wear.
gwo: pass, pass through, go across.
市區 si keui: urban district / downtown / city center.
平原 ping yuen: field / plain.
yuen, yiun: source, origin, beginning.
丘陵 yau ling: hills.
yau: hill; elder; empty; a name.
ling: hill, mound; mausoleum.
song: mulberry tree.
pou: river bank / shore / river drainage ditch (old).
長得 cheung dak: to look (pretty, the same etc).
坑 hang: pit, hole; bury, trap; harry; to defraud.
香爐 heung lou: a censer (for burning incense) / incense burner / thurible.
lou: fireplace, stove, oven, furnace.
榕江 yung gong: Rongjiang county in Qiandongnan Miao and Dong autonomous prefecture 黔東南州|黔东南州, Guizhou.
紅蓮 hung lin: red lotus.
chi: pool, pond; moat; cistern.
baau: abalone; dried fish; surname.
齊河 jai ho: Qihe county in Dezhou 德州, Shandong.
橫貫 waang gun: horizontal traverse / to cut across / to cross transversally.
waang: across, horizontal, lateral.
gun: a string of 1000 coins; to go through.
yiu, yu: island.
島嶼 dou yiu: island.
氣候 hei hau: climate / atmosphere / situation .
hei: air, gas, steam, vapor; spirit.
hau: wait; expect; visit; greet.
hai: to be located at ; to be at, in or on (Cantonese) / Mandarin equivalent: 在.
亞熱帶 ngaa yit daai: subtropical (zone or climate).
yit: hot; heat; fever; restless; zeal.
海洋性 hoi yeung sing: maritime.
yeung: ocean, sea; foreign; western.
氣候溫和 hei hau wan wo: moderate climate.
颱風 toi fung: hurricane / typhoon.
年均 nin gwan: annual average (rate).
gwan, kwan: equal, even, fair; all, also.
降水量 gong seui leung: precipitation (meteorology) / measured quantity of rain.
gong: descend, fall, drop; lower, down.
毫米 hou mai: millimeter. 溫 wan: lukewarm, warm; tepid, mild.



考古 haau gu: archaeology.
haau: examine, test; investigate.
證明 jing ming: proof / certificate / identification / testimonial / CL: 個|个 / to prove / to testify / to confirm the truth of.
ching: proof, evidence; testify, verify.
go: (Cant.) that.
漁村 yiu chuen: fishing village.
宋朝 sung chiu: Song Dynasty (960-1279) / also Song of Southern dynasties 南朝宋 (420-479).
元代 yuen doi: the Yuan or Mongol dynasty (1279-1368).
gaa: excellent; joyful; auspicious.
jing: pacify; appease; calm, peaceful.
變成 bin seng: to change into / to turn into / to become.
一部分 yat bou fan: portion / part of / subset.
ming: Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) / surname Ming / Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God.
san: spirit, god, supernatural being.
jung: lineage, ancestry; ancestor, clan; school / sect / purpose / model / ancestor / clan / to take as one's model (in academic or artistic work) / classifier for batches, items, cases (medical or legal), reservoirs.
萬曆 maan lik: reign name of Ming emperor (1573-1619).
lik: calendar, era.
ping: level ground; Japanese measure; a plain.
康熙 hong hei: Kangxi or K'ang Hsi, second Qing Emperor (1661-1722).
hong: peaceful, quiet; happy, healthy.
hei: bright, splendid, glorious.
清政府 cheng jing fu: Qing government (1644-1911).
juk: build, erect; building; to ram, to hit.
baau, paau: 1) to sauté / to fry / to dry by heating; 2) large gun, cannon; artillery; 3) to prepare herbal medicine by roasting or parching (in a pan).
toi: platform / stage / terrace / stand / support / desk / station / broadcasting station / classifier for vehicles or machines; tower, lookout; stage.
改稱 goi ching: to change a name / to rename.
雍正 yung jing: Yongzheng, reign name of Qing emperor (1722-1735).
yung: harmony, union; harmonious.
乾隆 kin lung: Qianlong or Ch'ien-lung, emperor of the Qing dynasty, reigned sixty years (1735-1796). 乾 kin, gon: dry; first hexagram; warming principle of the sun, penetrating and fertilizing, heavenly generative principle (male).
lung: prosperous, plentiful, abundant.
期間 gei gaan: period of time / time / time period / period.
逐漸 juk jim: gradually.
juk: chase, expel; one by one.
jim: gradually. 設立 chit laap: to set up / to establish.
chit: build; establish; display; particle of hypothesis, supposing.
近代 gan doi: modern times.
對外 deui ngoi: external / foreign / pertaining to external or foreign (affairs).
港口城市 gong hau seng si: port city.
世紀 sai gei: century.
年代 nin doi: a decade of a century (e.g. the Sixties) / age / era / period.
吞吐 tan tou: to take in and send out (in large quantities).
tan: swallow; absorb, annex, engulf. 吐 tou: vomit, spew out, cough up.
chang, jang: once / already / ever (in the past) / former / previously / (past tense marker used before verb or clause).
geui: live, dwell, reside, sit; to reside / to be (in a certain position) / to store up / to be at a standstill / residence / house / restaurant / classifier for bedrooms ; (archaic) sentence-final particle expressing a doubting attitude.
sing: to hold / to contain / to ladle / to pick up with a utensil; abundant, flourishing; contain; fill; vigorous / magnificent / extensively. 位 wai: position / location / place / seat / classifier for people (honorific) / classifier for binary bits (e.g. 十六位 16-bit or 2 bytes); throne; position, post; rank, status; seat.
man: short name for Fujian province 福建.
gam: abbr. for Jiangxi 江西 province.
商品 seung ban: good / commodity / merchandise.
集散地 jaap saan dei: distribution center.
jaap: assemble, collect together.
saan: scatter, disperse, break.
鴉片戰爭 ngaa pin chin jaang: the Opium Wars of 1840-1842 and 1860-1861. 由於 yau yiu: due to / as a result of / thanks to / owing to / since / because.
民眾 man jung: populace / masses / the people.
強烈 keung lit: intense / (violently) strong.
反抗 faan kong: to resist / to rebel.
hoi: injure, harm; destroy, kill.
放棄 fong hei: to renounce / to abandon / to give up.
fong: put, release, free, liberate.
hei: reject, abandon, discard.
改變 goi bin: to change / to alter / to transform.
選擇 suen jaak: to select / to pick / choice / option / alternative.
suen, syun: choose, select; elect; election.
jaak: select, choose, pick out.
進行 juen hang: to advance / to conduct / underway / in progress / to do / to carry out / to carry on / to execute.
咸豐 haam fung: reign name of Qing emperor (1850-1861) / Xianfeng county in Enshi Tujia and Miao autonomous prefecture 恩施土家族苗族自治州, Hubei.
haam: together; all, completely; united.
fung: abundant, lush, bountiful, plenty.
列強 lit keung: the Great Powers (history).
正式 jeng sik: formal / official.
開市 hoi si: to open a store for business.
優越 yau yuet: superior / superiority.
yau: superior, excellent; actor.
yuet: exceed, go beyond; the more.
地理位置 dei lei wai ji: geographical location.
位置 wai ji: location, locus.
ji: place, lay out; set aside
相對 seung deui: relatively / opposite / to resist / to oppose / relative / vis-a-vis / counterpart.
環境 waan ging: environment / circumstances / surroundings / CL: 個|个 / ambient
waan: jade ring or bracelet; ring.
ging: boundary, frontier; area, region.
慢慢 maan maan: slowly.
超越 chiu yuet: to surpass / to exceed / to transcend.
城區 seng keui: city district / urban area. 經濟 ging jai: economy / economic.
市政廳 si jing teng: city hall.
分治 fan chi: separate government / partition.
ji, chi: govern, regulate, administer.
suk, juk: to join together / to fix one's attention on / to concentrate on; class, category, type; to belong to; category / genus (taxonomy) / family members / dependents / to belong to / subordinate to / affiliated with / be born in the year of (one of the 12 animals) / to be / to prove to be / to constitute.
專區 jyun keui: special district / prefecture.
jyun, juen: monopolize, take sole possession.
轉移 jyun yi: to shift / to divert or distract (attention etc) / to change / to transform / metastasis (medicine).
jyun, juen: shift, move, turn.
重新 chung san: again / once more / re-.
chung, jung: heavy, weighty; double.
調整 tiu jing: to adjust / adjustment / revision.
調 diu, tiu: transfer, move, change; tune. 整 jing: orderly, neat, tidy; whole.
行政區域 hang jing keui wik: administrative area.
分為 fan wai: to divide sth into (parts) / to subdivide.



僑鄉 kiu heung: home town of overseas Chinese.
外地 ngoi dei: parts of the country other than where one is / foreign lands.



工夫茶 gung fu cha: very concentrated type of tea consumed in Chaozhou, Fujian and Taiwan / variant of 功夫茶.
享譽 heung yiu: to enjoy a reputation.
heung: enjoy.
yiu: fame, reputation; praise.
海內外 hoi noi ngoi: domestic and international / at home and abroad.


NOTE: Shantou (Swatow)

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