Thursday, May 17, 2012

LOOKUP 05172012 A


唐詩三百首 tong si saam baak sau: Three hundred Tang dynasty poems, a stable anthology collected around 1763 by Sun Zhu 孫誅.
流傳 lau chuen: to spread / to circulate / to hand down.
chuen (chyun): summon; propagate, transmit.
選集 suen jaap: anthology.
suen: choose, select; elect; election.
年間 nin gaan: in the years of / during those years / period (of dynasty or decade).
發展 faat jin: development / growth / to develop / to grow / to expand.
jin: open, unfold; stretch, extend.
黃金時代 wong kam si doi: golden age: golden age.
jing: to evaporate / (of cooking) to steam / torch made from hemp stalks or bamboo (old) / finely chopped firewood (old).
haa: rosy clouds.
wai, wat: surname Yu / place name; luxuriant, thick; ornamental; Artemisia japonica / luxuriant / resplendent / impressive.
名家 meng gaa: School of Logicians of the Warring States Period (475-220 BC), also called the School of Names; renowned expert / master (of an art or craft).
輩出 bui cheut: to come forth in large numbers.
bui: generation, lifetime; class.
gam: (Cant.) like this, in this way; so, to such an extent, Mandarin equivalent: 這樣.
咁多 gam do: so many, so much.
syun: grandchild, descendent; surname.
kam: guqin or zither, cf 古琴 / musical instrument in general.
syun: choose, select; elect; election.
提要 dai yiu: summary / abstract.
自序 ji jeui: author's preface / autobiographical notes as introduction to a book.
jeui: series, serial order, sequence.
本經 bun ging: classic book / sutra.
大量 daai leung: great amount / large quantity / bulk / numerous / generous / magnanimous.
leung: measure, quantity, capacity.
saan: leisurely / loosen / powdered medicine / to scatter / to come loose; to break up (of couples) / to distribute / to let out / to fire or discharge (sb); scatter, disperse, break up.
yat: indulge in pleasures; flee; surname Yi.
chyun (chuen): exist, live, be; survive; remain.
百餘 baak yiu: a hundred or more.
yiu: surplus, excess, remainder.
當中 dong jung: among / in the middle / in the center.
流行 lau hang: to spread / to rage (of contagious disease) / popular / fashionable / prevalent / (math.) manifold.
家傳 gaa chuen: handed down in a family / family traditions.
chuen (chyun): summon; propagate, transmit.
wu: door; family, household.
hiu: dawn, daybreak; clear, explicit.
範圍 faan wai: range / scope / limit / extent.
faan: pattern, model, rule, law.
wai: surround, encircle, corral.
相當 seung dong: equivalent to / appropriate / considerably / to a certain extent / fairly / quite.
廣泛 gwong faan: extensive / wide range.
faan: to drift, float; careless, reckless.
ge: (Cant.) possessive.
收錄 sau luk: to include / included in / to record.
luk: copy, write down, record.
jo: Cantonese particle equivalent to 了 or 過; verbal particle of perfective aspect.
總共 jung gung: altogether / in sum / in all / in total.
jung: collect; overall, altogether.
gung: together with, all, total; to share.
數量 sok leung: amount / quantity.
sok: number; several; count; fate; frequently / repeatedly.
leung: measure, quantity, capacity.

杜甫 do fu: Du Fu (712-770), great Tang dynasty poet.
dou: stop, prevent; restrict; surname.
fu, pou: begin; man, father; great; a distance of ten li.
王維 wong wai: Wang Wei (701-761), Tang Dynasty poet.
wai: maintain, preserve, safeguard.
李商隱 lei seung yan: Li Shangyin (c. 813-858), Tang poet.
yan: hide, conceal; hidden, secret.
仿 fong: imitate, copy; as if.
詩經 si ging: Shi Jing, the Book of Songs, early collection of Chinese poems and one of the Five Classics of Confucianism 五經.
pin: chapter, section, essay, article; sheet / piece of writing / bound set of bamboo slips used for record keeping (old) / classifier for written items: chapter, article.
從前 jung jin: previously / formerly / once upon a time.
yin: variant of 弦 / bow string / string of musical instrument / watch spring / chord (straight line joining two points on a curve) / hypotenuse.
jung: to read aloud / to recite; chant, repeat.
兒童 yi tung: child.
tung: child, boy, servant boy; virgin.
啟蒙 kai mung: to instruct the young / to initiate / to awake sb from ignorance / to free sb from prejudice or superstition / primer / enlightened / the Enlightenment / Western learning from the late Qing dynasty.
kai: open; begin.
mung: cover; ignorant; suffer; Mongolia.
所以 so yi: therefore / as a result / so.
so: place, location; numerary adjunct.
yi: by means of; thereby, therefore; consider as; in order to.
比較 bei gaau: to compare / to contrast / comparatively / relatively / quite / comparison.
bei, pei: to compare, liken; comparison; than.
gaau: compare; comparatively, more.
淺顯 chin hin: plain / clear / obvious.
chin: shallow, not deep; superficial.
hin: manifest, display; evident, clear.
讀者 duk je: reader.
duk: read, study; pronounce.
容易 yung yi: easy / likely / liable (to).
yung: looks, appearance; figure, form.
di: some / few / a little (Cantonese).
接受 jip sau: to accept / to receive.
jip: receive; continue; catch; connect.
sau: receive, accept, get; bear, stand.
俗語 juk yiu: common saying / proverb / colloquial speech.
juk: social customs; vulgar, unrefined.
熟讀 suk dau: to read and re-read sth until one is familiar with it.
suk: well-cooked; ripe; familiar with.
m, ng: (Cant.) not, negation.
sik: recognize, understand, know.
吟詩 yam si: to recite poetry.
yam, ngam: sing, hum; recite; type of poetry.
wui: can / be possible / be able to / will / be likely to / be sure to / to assemble / to meet / to gather / to see / union / group / association; a moment.
Kui: to balance an account / accountancy / accounting.
tau: to steal, burglar, thief; to pilfer; stealthily.
接觸 jip chuk: to touch / to contact / access / in touch with.
jip: receive; continue; catch; connect.
chuk, juk: touch; butt, ram, gore.
古典 gu din: classical.
din: law, canon; documentation; classic, scripture.
詩歌 si go: poem.
入門 yap mun: entrance door / to enter a door / introduction (to a subject).
書籍 syu jik: books / works.
jik: record, register, list; census.

ni: interrogative or emphatic final; (Cant.) this; see also 哩.
編者 pin je: editor / compiler.
jiu, shyu: name of a river in Shandong.
別號 bit hou: alias. Nom de plume, nom de guerre.
hang: Asarum blumei (wild ginger plant).
tong: hall; government office.
退 teui: step back, retreat, withdraw.
江蘇 gong sou: Jiangsu province (Kiangsu) in southeast China, abbr. 蘇, capital Nanjing 南京.
無錫 mou sek: Wuxi prefecture level city in Jiangsu.
sik, sek: tin, stannum; bestow, confer.
乾隆 kin lung: Qianlong or Ch'ien-lung, emperor of the Qing dynasty, reigned sixty years (1735-1796).
gon, kin: dry; first hexagram; warming principle of the sun, penetrating and fertilizing, heavenly generative principle (male).
lung: prosperous, plentiful, abundant.
進士 jeun si: successful candidate in the highest imperial civil service examination / palace graduate.
編選 pin suen: to select and edit / to compile.
依據 yi geui: according to / basis / foundation.
yi: rely on, be set in; consent, obey a wish.
geui: to occupy, take possession of; a base.
sam: sink, submerge; addicted to; surname; variant of 沉.
chim: hide; hidden, secret, latent.
choi: cut out; decrease; to cut out (as a dress) / to cut / to trim / to reduce / to diminish / to cut back (e.g. on staff) / decision / judgment.
同埋 tung maai: (Cant.) and, along with, and also.
jing: lucky, auspicious, good omen.
古詩 gu si: old verse / classical Chinese poem.
yin: worthy or virtuous person / honorific used for a person of the same or a younger generation.
三昧 saam mui: Samadhi (Buddhist term).
mui: obscure, dark; darken.
jaap: to gather / to collect / collected works / classifier for sections of a TV series etc: episode.
絕句 chuet geui: quatrain (poetic form).
chuet: cut, sever, break off, terminate.
geui, gau: sentence.
為主 wai jyu: to rely mainly on / to attach most importance to.
jaap: mixed, blended; mix, mingle.
題材 tai choi: subject matter.
tai: forehead; title, headline; theme.
choi: material, stuff; timber; talent.
反映 faan ying: to mirror / to reflect / mirror image / reflection / fig. to report / to make known / to render / used erroneously for 反應, response or reaction.
faan: reverse, opposite, contrary, anti.
ying: project; reflect light.
唐代 tong doi: Tang dynasty era.
政治 jing chi: politics / political.
chi: govern, regulate, administer.
矛盾 maau teun: contradiction, conflicting views / contradictory.
maau: spear, lance; KangXi radical 110.
teun: shield; dutch guilder; Indonesia.
邊塞 bin choi: frontier fortress.
bin: edge, margin, side, border.
choi, sak: stop up, block, seal, cork; pass, frontier; fortress.
軍事 gwan si: military affairs / military matters / military.
gwan: army, military; soldiers, troops.
gung: palace / temple / castration (as corporal punishment) / first note in pentatonic scale; dwelling, enclose.
gwai: small arched door / boudoir / lady's chamber / by ext. women, women's quarters.
fu: married women; woman; wife.
yuen: hatred, enmity, resentment.
酬酢 chau jok: to exchange toasts.
chau: toast; reward, recompense.
jaa, jok: toast one's host with wine; to express juice by pressing.
應制 ying jai: to write a poem on the order of the Emperor.
ying: should, ought to, must.
jai: system; establish; overpower.
宦海 waan hoi: officialdom / bureaucracy.
waan: officialdom, government official.
sing: rise, ascent; peaceful; peace.
隱逸 yan yat: privacy.
yan: hide, conceal; hidden, secret.
yat: flee, escape, break loose.
生活 saang wut: life / activity / to live / livelihood.
遺珠 wai jyu: unrecognized talent.
wai: lose; articles lost; omit.
ham: to regret, remorse; dissatisfied; sense of loss or dissatisfaction.
gaau: to wake up from sleep; conscious; a nap / a sleep.
gok: to feel / to find that / thinking / awake / aware.
例如 lai yiu: for example / for instance / such as.
fu: go to; attend, be present; to go / to visit (e.g. another country) / to attend (a banquet etc).
fung: offer; receive; serve; respect; to offer (tribute) / to present respectfully (to superior, ancestor, deity etc) / to esteem / to revere / to believe in (a religion) / to wait upon / to accept orders (from superior).
yiun, yuen: county, district, subdivision.
wing: sing, hum, chant.
waai: bosom, breast; carry in bosom.
北征 baak jing: punitive expedition to the north.
jing: invade, attack, conquer.
白居易 baak geui yi: Bai Juyi (772-846), Tang dynasty poet.
新樂 san lok: Xinle county level city in Shijiazhuang 石家莊, Hebei.
fu: prefecture; seat of government / government repository (archive) / official residence / mansion / presidential palace / (honorific) Your home / prefecture (from Tang to Qing times).
yau: to rest / to stop doing sth for a period of time / to cease / (imperative) don't.
作品 jok ban: work (of art) / opus.
mou: to not have (Cantonese) / Mandarin equivalent: 沒有.
選入 syun yap: selected (for admission) / elected.
朱自清 jyu ji ching: Zhu Ziqing (1898-1948), poet and essayist.
寫 se: to write.
jo: (Cant.) verbal particle of perfective aspect, equivalent to 了 or 過.
ge, koi: (Cant.) possessive, possessive particle.
指導 ji dou: to guide / to give directions / to direct / to coach / guidance / tuition.
dou: direct, guide, lead, conduct.
大概 daai koi: roughly / probably / rough / approximate / about / general idea.
koi: generally, approximately.
近人 gan yan: contemporary / modern person / close friend / associate / intimate.
yiu: surname Yao / Yao or Tang Yao (c. 2200 BC), one of Five legendary Emperors 五帝, second son of Di Ku 帝嚳.
根據 gan geui: according to / based on / basis / foundation.
gan: root, base(d on); foundation.
geui: to occupy, take possession of; a base.
重新 chung san: again / once more / re-.
jyu: explain; annotate; make entry.

NOTE: Lit.

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